The year 2016 marked the hottest temperatures on record for the third year in a row, according to analysts from two federal agencies on Wednesday.
Independent analyses conducted by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) found that temperatures have increased to its highest last year. The NOAA found that the average temperature on land and ocean surfaces was 58.69 degrees Fahrenheit in 2016, which was 1.69 degrees above average, and the largest gap found since the NOAA kept record.
Meanwhile, NASA found that the earth’s average surface temperature in 2016 increased approximately 2.0 degrees since the late 19th century.
“2016 is remarkably the third record year in a row in this series,” Gavin Schmidt, the director of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), said in a statement. “We don’t expect record years every year, but the ongoing long-term warming trend is clear.”
According to reports, the two US agencies’ findings were found to agree with those of other international agencies, such as the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service, which found that the earth’s average surface temperature was 58.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Agencies in the UK and Japan also found similar results, as well as the World Meteorological Organization.
Deke Arndt from the NOAA told AP that these agencies’ findings are “all singing the same song even if they are hitting different notes along the way. The pattern is very clear.”
Scientists point to human-caused changes over the past decades as a major factor that led to increased temperatures.
NASA’s statement on Wednesday said that the increase in the earth’s average surface temperature is “a change driven largely by increased carbon dioxide and other human-made emissions into the atmosphere.”
Meanwhile, Schmidt said that seeing another year with record-high temperatures in 2017 is “unlikely.”
“Because we’re right now starting this year with a very mild La Niña ... we expect that to give a small negative push to next year’s temperature,” Schmidt was quoted by Huffington Post as saying. “But because the long-term trends are so clear, it’s still going to be a top-five year in our analysis. I’m pretty confident about that, but it’s unlikely to be another record year.”